Periodontitis is severe gum disease which not only affects the gum itself but also the supporting bone around a tooth. It is usually the result of poor oral hygiene. It can occur for unknown reasons in young people (juvenile periodontosis). Risk factors include diabetes, smoking and other generalised diseases.
If left untreated it will result in the loss of the tooth. Poisons produced by bacteria in plaque, together with the body’s immune response to attack, are the major causes Unlike tooth decay it usually occurs on all teeth at the same time. Signs of periodontitis include, redness and swelling of the gum, bleeding and bad breath. In later stages teeth can become loose and fall out. It is painless until damage is severe.
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