Gingivitis is inflammation of the gum where it meets the crown of the tooth. It is caused by the toxic products of bacteria in dental plaque together with the patient’s immune response. It is universal, affecting patients of all ages.
If unchecked it will progress to periodontitis which leads to tooth loss. Periodontitis is the leading cause of tooth loss globally. It begins within a week of not brushing and flossing your teeth properly. It is the first visible sign of the destructive effects of the bacteria in plaque. Most patients have some gingivitis. The gums are red, swollen and bleed. It is easily reversed in the early stages by effective oral hygiene. Where oral hygiene is poor it will progress to periodontitis.
You can prevent gingivitis by practicing good oral hygiene and having your teeth professionally cleaned during regular dental visits. Most people can stop gingivitis before it develops by also following these 3 tips: Properly brushing and flossing your teeth to remove plaque and debris that causes tartar buildup; Making sure to eat the right foods to ensure proper nutrition; And Avoiding smoking cigarettes and other forms of tobacco.
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